The Vegetable Garden

Zones 9-10 Garden Calendar and Monthly Garden Tips - April - July

April

  • Plant seeds of green beans, okra, squash, corn, carrots, lettuce, butter beans, and cucumbers. Check the seed packet or University of Florida "Vegetable Gardening Guide" for correct planting depth.
  • Transplant tomatoes, peppers, onions, and other vegetables if you did not in March. Moisten the soil before removing the transplant from the container.
  • Plant gourd seeds in rich organic soil one inch deep. Give them plenty of room to climb.
  • Stake tomatoes at the time of planting or soon after with a rigid stake that is at least five feet tall. This will help keep fruit off the ground.

May

  • Continue planting warm weather seeds and transplants. Keep the transplants shaded. Plant seeds of southern peas.
  • Cut back the stems of Irish potatoes when they die but leave the tubers in the ground about two weeks to toughen the skin. Carefully dig potato so you do not bruise the skin. Wash off the hose and dry in the sun before storing.

June

  • Plant seeds of lima beans, okra, and Southern peas. Also plant sweet potato slips.
  • Root tomato suckers for a fall crop.

July

  • Start broccoli, cauliflower, collards, and cabbage so you will have transplants for the Fall.
  • Fertilize peppers, okra, and other warm season vegetables so they will produce throughout the summer.
  • When nighttime temperatures stay in the 80's and above, blossoms of tomato, bush beans, cucumbers, and peppers may drop. If temperatures stay cooler, plants will still produce.
  • Remember to pick cucumbers, squash, beans, okra, and peppers regularly so plants will continue producing.
    Blossom end rot on tomatoes or a similar rot on peppers is caused by a calcium deficiency or fluctuations in soil moisture. Try to keep plants evenly moist. Discard rotting fruit.
  • Remove all diseased vegetable plants or infected leaves from the garden. Prevent the spread of a disease by watering plants carefully at the soil level.
  • As basil plants begin to bloom, out plants back just above a pair of leaves to encourage growth.