The Vegetable Garden

Companion Plants: What Grows Well Together - Herb Companion Chart

 

A list of herbs, their companions, and their uses, including some beneficial weeds and flowers can be found in the companion chart for herbs below.

Plant (Herb)

Basil
Companion to tomatoes; dislikes rue intensely; improves growth and flavor; epels flies and mosquitoes
Bee balm
Companion to tomatoes; improves growth and flavo.
Borage
Companion to tomatoes, squash, and strawberries; deters tomato worms; improves growth and flavo.
Caraway
Plant here and there; loosens soil.
Catnip
Plant in borders; deters flea beetles.
Chamomile
Companion to cabbage and onions; improves growth and flavor.
Chervil
Companion to radishes; improves growth and flavor.
Chives
Companion to carrots; improves growth and flavor.
"Dead" nettle
Companion to potatoes; deters potato bugs; improves growth and flavor.
Dill
Companion to cabbage; dislikes carrots; improves the growth and health of cabbage.
Fennel
Plant away from gardens; most plants dislike it.
Flax
Companion to carrots and potatoes; deters potato bugs; improves growth and flavor.
Garlic
Plant near roses and raspberries; deters Japanese beetles; improves growth and health.
Henbit
General insect repellent.
Horseradish
Plant at the corners of a potato patch to deter potato bugs.
Hyssop
Deters cabbage moths; companion to cabbage and grapes.Keep away from radishes.
Lamb's quarter's
This edible weed should be allowed to grow in moderate amounts in the garden, especially in corn.
Lemon balm
Sprinkle throughout the garden.
Lovage
Improves flavor and health of plants if planted hee and there.
Marigolds
The workhorse of the pest deterrents. Plant throughout the garden; discourages Mexican bean beetles, nematodes, and other insects.
Marjoram
Here and there in the garden; improves flavor.
Mint
Companion to cabbage and tomatoes; improves health and flavor;deters white cabbage moths.
Mole plant Deters moles and mice if planted here and there.
Nasturlium Companion to radishes, cabbage, and gourds; plant under fruit trees; deters aphids, squash bugs, and striped pumpkin beetles; improves growth and flavor.
Peppermint
Planted among cabbages, it repels white cabbage butterflies
Petunia
Protects beans.
Pigweed
One of the best weeds for pumping nutrients from the subsoil; it is good for potatoes, onions, and corn; keep weeds thinned.
Pot marigold (Calendula)
Companion to tomatoes, but plant elsewhere in the garden, too; deters asparagus beetles, tomato worms, and general garden pests.
Purslane
deters asparagus beetles, tomato worms, and general garden pests.
Rosemary Companion to cabbage, beans, carrots, and sage; deters cabbage moths, bean bettles, and carrot flies
Rue Keep it far away from sweet basil; plant near roses and raspberries; deters Japanese beetles.
Sage Plant with rosemary, cabbage, and carrots; keep away from cucumbers; deters cabbage moth, carrot fl.
Southernwood Plant here and there in garden; companion to cabbage; improves growth and flavor; deters cabbage moths
Sow thistle This weed in moderate amounts can help tomatoes, onions, and corn.
Summer savory Plant with beans and onions; improves growth and flavor;deters bean beetles.
Tansy Plant under fruit trees; companion to roses and raspberries; deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles,squash bugs, and ants.
Tarragon Good throughout the garden.
Thyme Here and there in the garden; deters cabbage worms.
Valerian Good anywhere in the garden.
Wormwood As a border, it keeps animals from the garden.
Yarrow Plant along borders, paths, and near aromatic herbs; enhances essential oil production.

 

All-Around Beneficial Influence—Certain herbs and one tree have a beneficial influence on the whole plant community. These plants and their characteristics are:

  • Lemon balm creates a beneficial atmosphee around itselfand attracts bees. Part of the mint family.
  • Marjoram has a beneficial efect on surrounding plants.
  • Oregano has a beneficial efect on surrounding plants.
  • Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica): Helps neighboring plants to grow more resistant to spoiling. Increases the essential oil content in many herbs. Stimulates humus formation. Helps stimulate fermentation in compost piles. As a tea, it promotes plant growth and helps strengthen plants. Concentrates sulfur, potassium, calcium, and iron in its body.
  • Valerian (Valeriana officinali): Helps most vegetables. Stimulates phosphorus activity in its vicinity. Encourages health and disease resistance in plants.
  • Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile): A lime specialist. Contains a growth hormone which stimulates the growth of yeast. In a 1:100 ratio, it helps the growth of wheat. As a tea, it combats diseases such as damping off in young plants. Concentrates calcium, sulfur, and potash in its body.
  • Dandelion (Taraxacum officinal): Increases the aromatic quality of all herbs. In small amounts it helps most vegetables. Concentrates potash in its body.